White Balance Tips from Tamara Lackey

White Balance Tips from Tamara Lackey

Guest post from Tamara Lackey Photography:

Why is white balance such a big deal when it comes to photographing portraits? Because it can say so much about who you are photographing or what you are wishing to convey. If you are photographing a portrait, for instance, and you unintentionally capture your subject with a yellow cast, you risk making them appear sickly. Shoot the portrait with an unintentional blue cast, and you can make that same subject look cold, even withdrawn. And an unintentional orange, or tungsten, cast can convey a lack of photographic training on your part.

photo of nature

Consider white balance as the evaluation of all the colors of light in a scene – and balancing out what you see as white with your eyes, so that it shows up as white in an image. There’s quite a lot to proper white balance. But, basically, the point of shooting with the correct white balance is so you can capture the color in an image as accurately as possible.

Properly managing the color of light is one of the best ways to not just accurately capture the color of your subject or scene, but to also artistically express your vision. Basically, the point of shooting with the correct white balance is so you can capture the color in an image as accurately as possible.

desert sunset

Not only do different light sources have different color temperatures, but the same light source can have a different color temperature based on multiple factors. Choosing to balance the color of light can sometimes be as simple as selecting Auto White Balance on your camera. And it can be as difficult as determining how to properly balance multiple lights when shooting in a spot with blinking fluorescents overhead, natural daylight coming in a window, and a tungsten lamp in the corner. That’s a whole lot of different colors to try to balance in a visually pleasing way.

Luckily, there’s a scale that we can use. The color of light is measured on a Kelvin scale, and it’s worth taking the time to understand how this scale works. Basically, the higher the number on the Kelvin scale, the cooler the light – think of blues and purples. The lower the number on the Kelvin scale, the warmer the light – those oranges and yellows.

nature skyline

Of course, the type of light source itself can also change color temperature, especially natural light sources. The earliest rays of the sun, for instance, start out as a cool light and then quickly advance to a brighter yellow as they warm up during the day. The same light source can peak in warmth around sunset and then drop to a cooler light again in the evening.

shoreline with child in ocean

Setting your white balance correctly helps to render your subject and the surrounding environment closer to what your eye sees. Our eyes already adjust white balance automatically. Unfortunately, we have to help our cameras to do the same. And even though editing software can be used to color correct images, that can add up to a huge pile of work in post-processing when you return from a shoot with 500 images, all shot in different colors of light – especially when you are shooting several sessions a week!

Try to not ignore the significance of achieving consistent white balance on a shoot, so you can spend less time editing and more time photographing portraits.

What are your tips to mastering white balance?

8 Comments

  1. If your shooting with a DLSR I recommend using a photographers gray or white card. They are very inexpensive. White balance gets tricky when you are dealing with competing light sources or rapidly changing light sources, this can happen indoors and outdoors. Most cameras like Nikon and or Canon have a custom white balance option for setting white balance this way. Using the white or gray card as the reference point the camera will meter off of it in the procedure and store the white balance setting for that picture taking session. This procedure is covered in the users manual of your DLSR camera. Setting white balance this way ensures a more accurate representation of the lighting and colors in your scene.

     
  2. You talk about the importance of proper white balance and where colors fall on the Kelvin scale but don’t say anything about how to achieve proper white balance in a photograph. For example, one can shoot a pure white card in the same light source as the subject, then use the white balance eyedropper tool in most Raw converters to instantly balance all selected photos. You might also have explained how to set a custom white balance. Most current digital cameras have that option.

     
  3. This is indeed a great piece regarding the significance of achieving balance and explanation as to why but I agree with the previous comment, I kept reading in expectation/anticipation that perhaps tips would be offered regarding how to best achieve :). It’s it better to just stick with auto when shooting or are there alternatives?

     
  4. I was under the opinion that the Kelvin scale was primarily used for inside photography and explains how different light bulbs are used for different effects. Westinghouse has a good chart that shows different lumens for different moods and rooms.

     
  5. Christine Anderson

    When creating any article which the header states “White Balance Tips from Tamara Lackey”, you need to include those tips. You gave the problems and why the exists but not the solution. Beginning, middle and end would be learned in writing 101.

     
  6. Agree with all comments. You could have just had one sentence.. “white balance is important…”
    Solving the problem is where you promised to take us… color cards, neutral gray, white cards. Light meters that tell color temp etc… Studio lighting that puts out a selectable color temp for your portraits … etc.

     
  7. I was waiting for any kind of actual direction on how best to manage white balance and it never came, a better title would be “White Balance, It’s important and I’ll tell you why”

     
  8. White balance tips!

    Tip – Be careful to get it right because light changes colors.

    … thanks?

     

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*